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وبلاگ محمدزمانی - مراقبت های درختان میوه

وبلاگ محمدزمانی

چهارشنبه 26 آبان 1395

مراقبت های درختان میوه

نویسنده: محمد زمانی   

مراقبت های درختان میو:۱
۱-قبل از کاشت درخت ،نوع خاک باید آزمایش شود (سه نوع نمونه برداری انجام می شودتاعمق۳۰-از۳۰تا۶۰از۶۰تا۹۰ سانتی متری)
۲-بهترین خاک باید۵۰%هوا و۵۰%آب داشته باشد۰
۳-گودال پای درختان که برای ذخیره آب حفر  می شود.آب نباید مستقیما به تنه (طوقه)درخت برخورد کند باید بین آب وتنه درخت با خاک فاصله باشد.چون خاک مانع تولید بیماری وقارچ می شود آب اگر با تنه درخت تماس داشته باشد مخصوصا در درختان زرد
آلو وسیب  باعث سیاهی درخت می شود.وبهتر است آب به روش قطره ای باشد دراین روش نیز نباید آب مستقیم به تنه درخت برخورد کند لوله آب باید ۳۰ تا ۴۰ سانتی متری فاصله داشته باشد.
۴-نهال ها درچند سال اول به سرما حساس هستند وسرمازده شده ورشددرختان عقب می ماند.مخصوصا نهال زرد الو،هلو،که باید درفصل سرما با پارچه مناسب ویابا نایلون پوشانده شوند.
۵-زمان آب دهی بستگی به هواومنطقه دارد دردمای معتدل هفته ای یک بار به حد کافی آب می دهیم .
۶-زمانی که درختان گل می دهند نباید به درخت آب داد.
۷-از ۲۰روزمانده به گل دهی وبیدارشدن ازخواب آب دهی انجام شود.
۸-بعداز برداشت میوه به درختان میوه آب دهید چون درختان درحال میوه سازی برای سال آینده هستند.
۹-برای انجام گرده افشانی دریک باغ از انواع مختلف یک درخت کاشته شود،وتک نوع کاری نشود به عنوان مثال در یک باغ فقط سیب لبنانی کاشته نشود بلکه از انواع سیب ها مخلوط کاشته شود .
نکته ی مهم :اگر باردهی درخت گردو کم بار باشد با مته تنه درخت را سوراخ کرده تا شیره خام ازمنه  درخت خارج شود،.(درختان گردو آفات ندارند اما قارچ وبیماری می گیرند.)

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